Two sides of the Monastery -the North and the West- are flanked by La Lonja, a large L-shaped patio, and the other two by the Italian-style terraced gardens, with straight lines of boxwood pruned into cube shapes. The garden of the friars runs along the southern and part of the eastern façade, under the windows of the monastic cells. Beyond this, on a lower level, is the orchard, which was also divided up by straight paths.
The La Herrería Forest is a natural area of great historical and scenic value. It is located within the region of Madrid, very close to the Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, to the north west of the capital. It covers a total area of 497 hectares.
The Herrería Forest was declared Picturesque Landscape in 1961 and is currently classified under the Natura 2000 network as a Site of Community Importance and a Special Protection Area for bird.
Built in the years following the civil war, to a design by Pedro Muguruza and Diego Méndez. The granite cross in the middle of a large pine forest on the rock of Cuelgamuros, in the Sierra de Guadarrama, near San Lorenzo de El Escorial, is the most visible part of the monument. It was decorated with sculptures by Juan de Avalos.
The Basilica is the burial place of 33,847 people who died in the Civil War.
Located in the Dehesa de la Herrería (Herrería Meadows), to the west of the Monastery, Gabriel de Bourbon, son of Carlos III, commissioned the architect Juan de Villanueva in 1771 to carry out the work on the Upper Pavilion. Its purpose was to allow him to enjoy his greatest interests, among which were music, and to allow him to have a private life, in the company of his circle of friends and away from the protocol that surrounded the palace.
This 18th-century building stands in the town of El Escorial. It was built between 1771 and 1775 to a design by Juan de Villanueva, one of the most important architects of the Spanish neoclassical school. It was declared a Site of Cultural Interest in 1931.
It is surrounded by two gardens, one at the front and another at the rear, connected by a pair of gateways of Tuscan columns. The tastes in palatial design of the era may be seen in its fountains, lakes, waterfalls, promenades and boxwood hedges. It also features a large area of surrounding parkland wooded with local species such as oak and holm oak, imported varieties including sequoia and Spanish fir, and typical garden trees.
A visit to the Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial is the best way to explore the history of Spain and especially the reign of Felipe II. With an area of 33,327 square meters, it is located on the southern slope of Mount Abantos at an altitude of 1,028 meters in the Sierra del Guadarrama, which gives it a high landscape value. The Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial has been on the list of World Heritage Sites since November 2, 1984.
It is the monument that best summarizes the ideological and cultural aspirations of the Spanish “Golden Age”